Die Girondisten (französisch Girondins) waren die Mitglieder einer Gruppe (Gironde) von Abgeordneten hauptsächlich aus dem Süden Frankreichs während. Diese Übersicht zeigt, mit welcher Tabellen-Endplatzierung der Verein G. Bordeaux eine Spielzeit abgeschlossen hat und in welcher Liga er aktiv war. FC Girondins Bordeaux · 6x French Champion · 4x French Cup winner · 3x French league cup winner · 2x French Supercup Winner.
GirondistenAutre faute capitale de la Constituante, p. - Du reproche adressé par M. de Lamartine à la Constituante, p. SOMMAIRE DU LIVRE V. Les Girondins. Pendant que les députés girondins échappaient ainsi à leurs ennemis, des bandes, parties des Cordeliers, armées de pistolets et de sabres, se portèrent à. FC Girondins de Bordeaux, Le Haillan. Gefällt 1 Mio. Mal. Bienvenue sur la page Facebook officielle du Football Club des Girondins de Bordeaux // Welcome.
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The Girondins had strong support in provincial cities and among local government officials, while the Montagnards had the backing of the Paris sansculottes extreme radical revolutionaries.
The Girondins were held responsible for defeats suffered by the army in the spring of and were made more unpopular by their refusal to respond to the economic demands of the Parisian workers.
A popular rising against them in Paris, beginning on May 31, ended when the Convention, surrounded by armed insurgents, ordered the arrest of 29 Girondin deputies on June 2.
The fall of the Girondins was caused by their reluctance to adopt emergency measures for the defense of the Revolution and to provide for the economic demands of the Parisian workers, policies that the Montagnards carried out.
These failed largely for lack of popular support. When the ruling Montagnards instituted the Reign of Terror , 21 of the arrested Girondins were tried, beginning on October 24, , and were guillotined on October After the fall of the Montagnards in , a number of deputies imprisoned for protesting the purge of the Girondins returned to the Convention and were rehabilitated.
Girondin Article Additional Info. Print Cite. Those who remained in Paris were placed under house arrest and were brought to trial in October, after the federalist revolt had been suppressed.
They died on the guillotine on 31 October Among the leading Girondins, only Louvet survived the Terror and after 9 Thermidor Year II 27 July resumed his place in the National Convention, as did most of the seventy-six deputies who had been expelled from the Convention for having protested the proscription of their leaders.
While the Revolution now embraced the moderate republicanism that the Girondins had championed, the Girondin deputies themselves cannot be said to have reasserted themselves as a group after Thermidor.
See also Federalist Revolt ; French Revolution ; Jacobins ; Robespierre, Maximilien. Jordan, David P. The King's Trial: Louis XVI vs. Berkeley, Calif.
Patrick, Alison. The Men of the First French Republic: Political Alignments in the National Convention of Baltimore, Md.
Slavin, Morris. The Making of an Insurrection: Parisian Sections and the Gironde. Cambridge, Mass. Cite this article Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.
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The Revolution failed to deliver the immediate gains that had been promised and this made it difficult for the Girondins to draw it to a close easily in the minds of the public.
Moreover, the Septembriseurs the supporters of the September Massacres such as Robespierre, Danton , Marat and their lesser allies realised that not only their influence but their safety depended on keeping the Revolution alive.
Robespierre, who hated the Girondins, had proposed to include them in the proscription lists of September The Mountain Club to a man who desired their overthrow.
A group including some Girondins prepared a draft constitution known as the Girondin constitutional project , which was presented to the National Convention in early Thomas Paine was one of the signers of this proposal.
The crisis came in March The Girondins, who had a majority in the Convention, controlled the executive council and filled the ministries, believed themselves invincible.
Their orators had no serious rivals in the hostile camp—their system was established in the purest reason, but the Montagnards made up for what they lacked in talent or in numbers through their boldness and fanatical energy.
The more radical rhetoric of the Jacobins attracted the support of the revolutionary Paris Commune , the Revolutionary Sections mass assemblies in districts and the National Guard of Paris and they had gained control of the Jacobin club, where Brissot, absorbed in departmental work, had been superseded by Robespierre.
At the trial of Louis XVI in , most Girondins had voted for the "appeal to the people" and so laid themselves open to the charge of "royalism". They denounced the domination of Paris and summoned provincial levies to their aid and so fell under suspicion of "federalism".
They strengthened the revolutionary Commune by first decreeing its abolition but withdrawing the decree at the first sign of popular opposition.
In the suspicious temper of the times, their vacillation was fatal. Marat never ceased his denunciations of the faction by which France was being betrayed to her ruin and his cry of Nous sommes trahis!
Pache had twice been minister of war in the Girondins government, but his incompetence had laid him open to strong criticism and on 4 February he had been replaced as minister of war by a vote of the Convention.
This was enough to secure him the votes of the Paris electors when he was elected mayor ten days later. The Mountain was strengthened by the accession of a significant ally whose one idea was to use his new power to avenge himself on his former colleagues.
They unintentionally increased the prestige of their most vocal and bitter critic Marat by prosecuting him before the Revolutionary Tribunal , where his acquittal in April was a foregone conclusion.
This attempt to stir up civil war made the wavering and frightened Convention suddenly determined. The assassination of Marat by Charlotte Corday on 13 July only served to increase the unpopularity of the Girondins and seal their fate.
Those were sent to trial. Another 39 were included in the final acte d'accusation , accepted by the Convention on 24 October , which stated the crimes for which they were to be tried as their perfidious ambition, their hatred of Paris, their "federalism" and above all their responsibility for the attempt of their escaped colleagues to provoke civil war.
The trial of the 22 began before the Revolutionary Tribunal on 24 October The verdict was a foregone conclusion. On 31 October, they were borne to the guillotine.
It took 36 minutes to cut off 22 heads, one of which was already dead. Of those who escaped to the provinces, after wandering about singly or in groups most were either captured and executed or committed suicide.
Roland killed himself at Rouen on 15 November , a week after the execution of his wife. The survivors of the party made an effort to re-enter the Convention after the fall of Robespierre on 27 July , but it was not until 5 March that they were formally re-instated.
In her autobiography, Madame Roland reshapes her historical image by stressing the popular connection between sacrifice and female virtue. It covers her work for the Girondins while her husband Jean-Marie Roland was Interior Minister.
Roland says her mother's death was the impetus for her "odyssey from virtuous daughter to revolutionary heroine" as it introduced her to death and sacrifice — with the ultimate sacrifice of her own life for her political beliefs.
She helped her husband escape, but she was executed on 8 November A week later he committed suicide. A monument to the Girondins was erected in Bordeaux between and dedicated to the memory of the Girondin deputies who were victims of the Terror.
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